In recent years HIV testing among pregnant mothers, antiretroviral medication, and syringe exchange programs have reduced the progression of HIV. However, 30 years after its initial outbreak, the HIV epidemic continues to affect many Americans. Blacks and African Americans accounted for almost half of the HIV cases diagnosed in the U.S. in 2008. Of those living with HIV, 46% were black or African American, 32% were white, 20% were Hispanic/Latino, and the remaining 2% were from other racial groups. Males in all racial groups accounted for the overwhelming majority, with females totaling 25% of the total HIV cases. Nearly half of the male adults and adolescents diagnosed with HIV were infected through male-to-male sexual contact. Two-thirds of the diagnosed female adults and adolescents became infected through heterosexual contact. A majority of the children in the group under age 13 contracted HIV through mother-to-child transmission.
To see a map of HIV diagnoses and profiles for each state click here.