Hate Nation

Although we take pride in being a developed nation, we still have a long way to go towards reducing organized hatred, hostility and violence against people who differ from “us” in race, color, ethnicity, nationality, religion, gender, sexual orientation or are designated as marginal within our society.

According to the Southern Poverty Law Center’s 2015 Intelligence Report, the number of hate groups active in the U.S rose from 784 in 2014 to 892 in 2015. The U.S. is home to the world’s most notorious hate group, the Ku Klux Klan, which had the largest share of U.S. hate groups that year (21.3 %). It was followed by the Black Separatists (20.2%), the Racist Skinheads (10.7%), the White Nationalists (10.7%) and the Neo-Nazis (10.5%). These 5 groups comprise 73% of the known hate groups in the U.S. Among the states, Texas reported the largest number, 84, 55 of which were KKK. California came second with 68 groups, mainly Black Separatists and Racist Skinheads. Florida ranked third, with 59, 22 of which were Black Separatist groups.

The following infographic shows the extent and distribution of known hate groups in the U.S.

Click through to see the enlarged image.


Techniques Used
The above visualization includes 3 types of techniques:

Quantitative Analysis: A bar chart was used to visualize quantitative data on the number of known hate groups.

Statistical Analysis (GIS): Spatial analysis included 3 major techniques. The geocoding technique converted hate group locations to a point on the map, choropleth maps and classification methods were used to show the distribution of hate groups by state and to identify the correlation among race and the density of hate groups in each state.

Graphics: Graphics and images used in the infographics were edited using Photoshop graphic design software.

Implementing visualization techniques in faculty research
The image of the map reflects the different visualization techniques that might be used to effectively convey data or research conclusions to different types of audiences in various disciplines or industries. Visualizations can help identify existing or emerging trends, spot irregularities or obscure patterns, and even address or solve issues.

Ask us how to visualize your research
For help visualizing your own research findings or seeing if your research lends itself to similar techniques including data acquisition and pre-processing of both quantitative and qualitative data, contact Nandhini Gulasingam at mgulasin@depaul.edu.


Author: Nandhini Gulasingam

Nandhini Gulasingam is a Senior Analyst for IT Solutions at the Social Science Research Center (SSRC) where she manages GIS, database, web development projects for the SSRC and is developing data visualization techniques for use in the social and behavioral sciences. She is also an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Geography where she teaches graduate and undergraduate courses on Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

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