Technologies such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Google Earth, and GPS devices have transformed the way we can visualize places and how they’ve evolved over time. Now able to visualize a region and the landscape as a whole, historians can digitally recreate any historical event by overlaying the conditions that existed at the time to not only see patterns that weren’t visible before but also understand the circumstances surrounding the event. GIS also enables us to add or remove features or conditions to see the changes that have transpired over time. Recent developments in 3D visualizations also can help historians create a bird’s eye view or a fly-through to mimic an historic event as if you were in the midst of it.
Mapmaking has long been a crucial part of our lives – from medieval times to the 21st century. Initially used to help define, explain, and navigate the lay of the land, maps are now being used to analyze and visualize complex spatial patterns and trends. Consequently, the use of digital maps and visualization has expanded into non-traditional areas such as history, humanities, and modern languages.